The panel is co-hosted by the St. Petersburg International Legal Forum and Martens Readings on International Humanitarian Law. Martens Readings on International Humanitarian Law are organized by the Regional delegation of the International Committee of the Red Cross, Law Faculty of Saint-Petersburg State University and Russian Association of International Law.
Criminal justice, having been kept for years within the domain of internal affairs of states, acquired practical international dimension in the wake of the Second World War and the establishment of the two international military tribunals. However, both tribunals remained an incidental episode until 1990s which witnessed the Renaissance of international criminal justice which altered the international legal landscape, affecting the development of national institutions and doctrines of criminal law. And yet it would be an overstatement to hail ad hoc courts and tribunals that were established during that time, to be followed by the permanent International Criminal Court, as setting standards of irreproachability. Neither has the jurisprudential dialogue in which they engaged national legal systems, been always constructive and free from conflict.
Panelists who include judges of highest national courts and of international courts and tribunals, authorities from amongst academics and practitioners will offer their vision of approaches to, limits of, and hurdles in the way of enhancement of interaction and compatibility of international and national criminal justice. They will discuss theoretical and practical issues of “domestication” of the former into the latter, the role of principle of universality in striking a balance between national and international criminal justice, modes of optimal adjustment of constitutional and international foundations of criminal justice, options for harmonization of national legislation with international norms.
Bakhtiyar Tuzmukhamedov - Judge, Appeals Chamber of the International criminal tribunals for Rwanda and for the former Yugoslavia
Gleb Bogush - Associate Professor of the Law Faculty, Lomonosov Moscow State University
Gennady Esakov - Head of Department of Criminal Law, Higher School of Economics
Vagn Joensen - President of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
Sergey Knyazev - Judge, Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation
Anita Usacka - Former Judge of the International Criminal Court Appeals Division
Vladimir Vardanyan - Head of Legal Advisory Service, Constitutional Court of the Republic of Armenia
Antonio Mura - Head of Department for Justice Affairs, Ministry of Justice of the Italian Republic